The risks of techno-society
The pervasiveness of technology is at the center of modern and contemporary debate in philosophy and social sciences. Heidegger, Jünger, Hillmann, Severino, Luhmann, Bauman, Beck: these are some of the most illustrious intellectuals who have reflected on the subject. For the man of the 20th and 21st centuries, technology loses its instrumental nature. It becomes the purpose of every action. Instrumental rationality, in its attempt to produce security, determines its opposite:
- concentration camps (where to contain lives considered dysfunctional, programming their elimination);
- techno-social engineering (where to trace the data of the individual in order to reorder the social under the sign of a single thought, whether consumerist or revolutionary);
- techno-religious terrorism (where man becomes an instrument of death incorporated in technologies that make him kamikaze-explosive).
The use of technique produces feelings of security against the unpredictable. However, the remedy becomes, over time, worse than the evil to be cured. The technique, as an instrument used to put a brake on the future through the ability to predict, becomes the ultimate goal of man. If in ancient civilizations it happened that man tried to use technology for his own self-fulfillment, today the process is reversed: it is technology that uses man in order to increase his will to power.
Is there an alternative? It is necessary to start from the origin of the cause (knowledge used as a tool of domination) and find a path that goes beyond the tendency to exercise control, to build a culture that considers equal and non-hierarchical its relationship with the becoming of the technique.